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2018考研英语阅读理解中猜词题解题技巧

来源:不详 时间:2018/1/3 13:05:22

 

 


  在考研英语中,阅读题所占分值比较重,2018的考生们一定要好好把握阅读题的得分技巧,有了技巧再多加练习,能大幅度提升英语成绩。

  1、题型特点

  猜词题主要考查所考词汇或句子在上下文语境中的特殊含义,需要大家结合原文进行理解。而所考词汇有的是大纲词汇,还有的可能是超纲词汇或句子,因此,大家在做猜词题时务必做到结合上下文进行理解,并注意词汇的引申含义。

  2、易出题处

  1)同义关系处:并列或递进关系往往表示同义,因此,命题老师往往在and, indeed, just as, also, besides等表示并列关系处进行出题。

  2)标点符号处:标点符号暗示语义关系,例如破折号、冒号或括号表示同义解释说明。

  3)转折让步处:命题老师在出题时除了爱在同义关系处设题外,还喜欢在转折让步关系处进行设题,因此,大家要对所猜词附近的转折让步词足够敏感。

  3、题干特点

  1)考查某个单词意思或某个词组意思的猜词题:

  The word “mania” (line 4, paragraph 2) most probably means ______.(2007)

  The word “bummer” (line 5, paragraph 5) most probably means something _____. (2006)

  2)猜测某个句子含义的猜词题:

  By saying “these figures are conservative” (line 3, paragraph 3), Dr. Worm means that_______. (2006)

  What does the author mean by “most people are literally having a ZZZ” (line 2, paragraph 5)? (2004)

  4、解题技巧

  做猜词题时,大家要谨记一个原则:词本无义,义由境生。因此,大家在做题时要注意以下三点:

  1)字面意思一定不是正确选项;

  2)是否能与文中上下文进行同义替换;

  3)搜索代入,看是否通顺、合理。

  5、练习

  2006, text 3

  People in earlier eras were surrounded by reminders of misery. They worked until exhausted, lived with few protections and died young. In the West, before mass communication and literacy, the most powerful mass medium was the church, which reminded worshippers that their souls were in danger and that they would someday be meat for worms. Given all this, they did not exactly need their art to be a bummer too.

  37. The word “bummer” (line 5, paragraph 5) most probably means something ________.

  A religious B unpleasant C entertaining D commercial

  参考答案:B

  注意:本题干扰选项是A选项,大家在做题时一定要认真分析句与句之间的逻辑关系,不要一叶障目。


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